Here is an interesting piece of article for those who want to explore the mysteries of Web2.0.The article aims at providing an overall insight into the varied aspects of Web2.0 ranging from the origination of the term to the broad spectrum of services it offers to the society. It also strives to evolve a good understanding of the underlying technical aspects of Web2.0 and makes a comparative study with the previous version or traditional Web1.0 application. Apart from discussing the shortcomings of Web1.0 design architecture, advantages and disadvantages of using Web2.0 have also remained the main areas of focus. Please go through the article and i shall be glad to hear from you the areas where i need to concentrate and improve further for producing a more valuable piece.
Is Web2.0 just a buzzword?
Buzzwords are usually terms which are not clearly defined. In that aspect, Web2.0 may also be considered a buzzword, as there are conflicting views regarding the usage of the term due to which a confusion has prevailed resulting in two schools of opinions among experts.
(a)The first group represented by Tim Berners Lee and Russell Raw claim that Web2.0 is nothing more than a piece of jargon and there are no fundamental differences between Web1.0 and Web2.0 .According to them, the term Web2.0 cannot be used in a meaningful way as itﾢﾾﾀﾾﾙs technology components have existed since the early days of the web.
(b)The second group represented by Tim OﾢﾾﾀﾾﾙReilly, Paul Graham and Dion HinchCliffe claim that there are certain principles specific to Web2.0 applications which make them fundamentally different from Web1.0 applications. Some of these principles are Architecture of Participation,the Network Effect (social network),Harnessing the collective intelligence, to name a few. They observed that Web2.0 is less about new technology and more about the way people use it.
Despite this confusion, the term Web2.0 has got a very wide acceptance and is
(i) Perceived as the second generation of the World Wide Web that has unfolded the possibility of open communication over the web through web-based communities like social-networking sites, wikis, blogs and Folksonomies.
(ii)In the Web1.0 era, the internet was confined to HTML experts who alone published information and users were restricted to just viewing them. Hence the flow of information was unidirectional from the seller to the buyer. But Web2.0 promotes a greater level of interactivity among users by laying emphasis on user participation. So the web is no more confined to techies skilled in HTML or so but it can be effectively used by people from all walks of life.
What is Web2.0 in the opinion of experts?
Now let us take a look at some of the definitions offered by experts:
Tim O’Reilly says
Web 2.0 is the network as platform, spanning all connected devices; Web 2.0 applications are those that make the most of the intrinsic advantages of that platform: delivering software as a continually updated service that gets better the more people use it, consuming and remixing data from multiple sources, including individual users, while providing their own data and services in a form that allows remixing by others, creating network effects through an “architecture of participation,” and going beyond the page metaphor of Web 1.0 to deliver rich user experiences.
“Web 2.0 is the business revolution in the computer industry caused by the move to the Internet as platform, and an attempt to understand the rules for success on that new platform.”
According to an IBM social-networking analyst, Dario de Judicibus
“Web 2.0 is a knowledge-oriented environment where human interactions generate content that is published, managed and used through network applications in a service-oriented architecture.”
Origin of the term Web2.0
Web 2.0 is a concept which evolved at a conference brainstorming session between O’Reilly and MediaLive International. It was realized that new applications and sites kept popping up almost every now and then and there has been an explosive growth in the number of internet users. Hence based on the following differences in terms of usage, a series of principles were formulated and termed Web2.0.
DoubleClick –> Google AdSense
Britannica Online –> Wikipedia
Personal websites –> Blogging
Publishing –> Participation
Content management systems –> Wikis
Directories (taxonomy) –> tagging (“folksonomy”)