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Microsoft Visual Studio

August 12, 2009
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Microsoft Visual Studio is the main Integrated Development Environment (IDE) from Microsoft. It can be used to develop console and GUI applications along with Windows Forms applications, web sites, web applications, and web services in both native code as well as managed code for all platforms supported by Microsoft Windows, Windows Mobile, .NET Framework, .NET Compact Framework and Microsoft Silverlight.
Visual Studio includes a code editor supporting IntelliSense as well as code refactoring. The integrated debugger works both as a source-level debugger and a machine-level debugger. Other built-in tools include a forms designer for building GUI applications, web designer, class designer, and database schema designer. It allows plug-ins to be added that enhance the functionality at almost every level – including adding support for source control systems (like Subversion and Visual SourceSafe) to adding new toolsets like editors and visual designers for domain-specific languages or toolsets for other aspects of the software development lifecycle (like the Team Foundation Server client: Team Explorer).
Visual Studio supports languages by means of language services, which allow any programming language to be supported (to varying degrees) by the code editor and debugger, provided a language-specific service has been authored. In-built languages include C/C++ (via Visual C++), VB.NET (via Visual Basic .NET), and C# (via Visual C#). Support for other languages such as F#, Python, and Ruby among others has been made available via language services which are to be installed separately. It also supports XML/XSLT, HTML/XHTML, JavaScript and CSS.
Developer                  : Microsoft
Stable release            : 2008 (9.0.21022.08)
OS                            : Microsoft Windows
Available in                : English
Genre                        : Integrated Development Environment
License                      : Microsoft EULA
Website                     : msdn.microsoft.com/vstudio
Features
Code editor:
The Visual Studio code editor showing IntelliSense suggestions and a docked Task List window Visual Studio, like any other IDE, includes a code editor that supports syntax highlighting and code completion using IntelliSense for not only variables, functions and methods but also language constructs like loops and queries. IntelliSense is supported for the included languages, as well as for XML and for Cascading Style Sheets and JavaScript when developing web sites and web applications. Autocomplete suggestions are popped up in a modeless list box, overlaid on top of the code editor.
Debugger: Microsoft Visual Studio Debugger
Visual Studio includes a debugger that works both as a source-level debugger as well as machine-level debugger. It works with both managed code as well as native code and can be used for debugging applications written in any language supported by Visual Studio. In addition, it can also attach to running processes and monitor and debug those processes. If source code for the running process is available, it displays the code as it is being run. If source code is not available, it can show the disassembly. The Visual Studio debugger can also create memory dumps as well as load them later for debugging. Multi-threaded programs are also supported. The debugger can be configured to be launched when an application running outside the Visual Studio environment, crashes.
Designer
Visual Studio includes a host of visual designers to aid in the development of applications. These tools include:
1. Visual Studio 2005 in Designer view.
2. The WPF Designer in Visual Studio 2008.
3. Visual Studio Web Designer in code editor view.
4. Visual Studio 2005 in Class Designer viewWinForms Designer.
5. The WinForms designer is used to build GUI applications using WinForms.
6. WPF Designer – The WPF designer, codenamed Cider,[24] was introduced with Visual
Studio 2008. Like the WinForms designer it supports uses the drag
and drop metaphor. It is used to author user interfaces targeting
Windows Presentation Foundation.
Visual Studio also includes a web site editor and designer that allows web pages to be authored using by dragging and dropping widgets. It is used for developing ASP.NET applications, and supports HTML, CSS and JavaScript. It uses a code-behind model to link with ASP.NET code. Visual Studio 2008 onwards, the layout engine used by the web designer is shared with Microsoft Expression Web.
Class designer
The Class Designer is used to author and edit the classes (including its members and their access) using UML modelling. The Class Designer can generate C# and VB.NET code outlines for the classes and methods. It can also generate class diagrams from hand-written classes.
Data designer
The data designer can be used to graphically edit database schemas, including typed tables, primary and foreign keys and constraints. It can also be used to design queries from the graphical view.
Mapping designer
Visual Studio 2008 onwards, the mapping designer is used by LINQ to SQL to design the mapping between database schemas and classes that encapsulate the data.
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