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IDE – NetBeans

August 12, 2009
NetBeans 6.0  – IDE
Developer          :Sun Microsystems
Latest release    :6.0 / December 3, 2007
OS                    :Cross-platform
Available in        :Multilingual
Genre               :Java IDE
License             :CDDL or GPL2 + “certain source files” allow classpath exception
NetBeans refers to both a platform for the development of Java desktop applications, and an integrated development environment (IDE) developed using the NetBeans Platform.
The NetBeans Platform allows applications to be developed from a set of modular software components called modules. A module is a Java archive file that contains Java classes written to interact with the NetBeans Open APIs and a manifest file that identifies it as a module. Applications built on modules can be extended by adding new modules. Since modules can be developed independently, applications based on the NetBeans platform can be easily and powerfully extended by third party developers.
NetBeans began in 1997 as Xelfi, a student project under the guidance of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at Charles University in Prague. A company was later formed around the project and produced commercial versions of the NetBeans IDE until it was bought by Sun Microsystems in 1999. Sun open-sourced the NetBeans IDE.
The NetBeans Platform
The NetBeans Platform is a reusable framework for simplifying the development of other desktop applications. When an application based on the NetBeans Platform is run, the platform’s Main class is executed. Available modules are located, placed in an in-memory registry, and the modules’ startup tasks are executed. Generally, a module’s code is loaded into memory only as it is needed.
Applications can install modules dynamically. Any application can include the Update Center module to allow users of the application to download digitally-signed upgrades and new features directly into the running application. Reinstalling an upgrade or a new release does not force users to download the entire application again.
The features of the platform are:
– User interface management (e.g. menus and toolbars)
– User settings management
– Storage management (saving and loading any kind of data)
– Window management
– Wizard framework (supports step-by-step dialogs)
The NetBeans IDE
The NetBeans IDE is an open-source integrated development environment written entirely in Java using the NetBeans Platform. NetBeans IDE supports development of all Java application types (J2SE, web, EJB and mobile applications) out of the box. Among other features are an Ant-based project system, version control and refactoring.
The current version is NetBeans IDE 6.0, which was released in December 2007. NetBeans IDE 6.0 extends the existing Java EE features (including Java Persistence support, EJB 3 and JAX-WS). Additionally, the NetBeans Enterprise Pack supports development of Java EE 5 enterprise applications, including SOA visual design tools, XML schema tools, web services orchestration (for BPEL), and UML modeling. The NetBeans C/C++ Pack supports C/C++ projects. NetBeans 5.5.1 builds on the functionality of NetBeans 5.5 and also provides several bug fixes.
NetBeans IDE 6.0 builds upon the previous version 5.5.1, which introduced comprehensive support for developing IDE modules and rich client applications based on the NetBeans platform, a new GUI builder (formerly known as “Project Matisse”), new and redesigned CVS support, Weblogic 9 and JBoss 4 support, and many editor enhancements.
From July 2006 through 2007, NetBeans IDE was licensed under Sun’s Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL), a license based on the Mozilla Public License (MPL). In October 2007, Sun announced that NetBeans would henceforth be offered under a dual license of the CDDL and the GPL version 2 licenses, with the GPL linking exception for GNU Classpath.
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