There are two major types of analysis:
1. Fundamental Analysis
2. Technical Analysis
Fundamental analysis is the analysis of a stock on the basis of core financial and economic analysis to predict the movement of stocks price.
On the other hand, technical analysis is the study of prices and volume, for forecasting of future stock price or financial price movements.
Simply put, fundamental analysis looks at the actual company and tries to figure out what the company price is going to be like in the future. On the other hand technical analysis look at the stocks chart, peoples buying behavior etc. to try and figure out what the stock price is going to be like in the future.