History Of Linux
Linux is a free Unix-type Operating System originally created by Linus Torvalds with the assistance of developers around the world. Developed under the GNU (GNU Project was launched in 1983 by Richard Stallman originally to develop a Unix-compatible operating system called GNU) General Public License, the source code for Linux is freely available to everyone. In 1991, Linus Torvalds studding UNIX at the University, where he used special educational experimental purpose operating system called Minix (small version of UNIX and used in Academic environment). But Minix had its own limitations. Linus felt he could do better than the Minix. So he developed his own version of Minix, which is now known as Linux. Linux is Open Source From the start of the day.
September 1991 Linus had a basic design of Linux that he called Version 0.01. This kernel, which is called Linux, was afterwards combined with the GNU system to produce a complete free operating system. On December 19th 1991 he improved the Kernel and released this as version 0.11.
On January 5, 1992, Linux Version 0.12 was released, an improved, stable kernel. The next release was called Version 0.95, to reflect the fact that it was becoming a full-featured system. After that Linux became an underground phenomenon, with a growing group of distributed programmers that continue to debug, develop, and enhance the source code baseline to this day.
Linux continued to be improved through the 1990’s, and started to be used in large-scale applications like web hosting networking, and database serving, proving ready for production use. Version 2.2, a major update to the Linux kernel, was officially released in January 1999. By the year 2000, most computer companies supported Linux in one way or another, recognizing a common standard that could finally reunify the fractured world of the Unix Wars.